Continuously updated, programme of the 30th Economic Forum in Krynica consists of more than 330 events, divided into 17 thematic paths. The Economic Forum will once again take place in Krynica Zdrój, Poland, 8-10 September 2020. We expect more than 7500 participants discussing the most important problems that the international community faces today.

The mission of the Forum is to create a platform of constructive dialog, encouraging glocal inicitatives and new solutions with concert for the natural environment and local communities.  We take into account the impact of the current COVID-19 epidemic, so the scope of the program will be adjusted.

Below you can find selected topics of the programme.

Partners’ suggestion regarding the programme can be send via e-mail at: program-fe@isw.org.pl.

Business and Investments

The concept of stakeholder capitalism began to gain popularity in the 1950s, it assumes that not only shareholders, but also the interests of all entities affected by the company's activities, should be taken into account in the strategies created by companies. However, in social discourse it only appeared permanently after the financial crisis of 2007 and in recent years also in the context of sustainable development. About how companies that dominate the market and set sector standards implement elements of the strategy for stakeholders.

Some Polish operators are already testing 5G in combat conditions, while others say they are ready for the next generation network. In fact, there is still a long way to go for the next generation of consumer networks. Before this happens, the appropriate frequency auction must take place. Four capital groups will fight for four blocks. After winning the auction and paying the block reservation fee, the operator who gets access to the frequency must, after six months from receiving the reservation, run at least 10 5G base stations in one voivodship city. In turn, before 2025, a minimum of 500 stations must be operating in a minimum of 16 cities. This is a real challenge.

The concept of an entrepreneurial state as an entity actively allocating public funds in high-risk investments, which private capital does not want to support due to too high risk and a distant time horizon. In recent years it is gaining popularity. Specialized investment vehicles are being created in individual countries. About best practices from abroad and how entities related to the State Treasury can diversify and mitigate risk in new business areas, so that Poland can win next national champions.

From IT to FMCG, Polish export have different faces. Technology giants and software houses can boast of numerous success stories and implementations at large international corporations. On the other hand, many FMCG networks have introduced the principle of supporting Polish producers from the food industry into their growth and expansion policy. What are the opportunities and threats for Polish exporters? What can exporters in different industries learn from each other?

The European economy is developing in a difficult global context. While economic growth forecasts in the so-called old EU countries do not reach even 2 percent, Central and Eastern European countries and Malta achieved the highest growth in 2019, oscillating from 3.5-5 percent. Is this growth dynamics still "cutting coupons" from a kind of " backwardness pension" in the region or the effect of a good strategy? How to use in the best way the region's potential for the development of economic cooperation throughout the EU?

We have been seeing a global trend for a long time on the Polish media market. Consolidation and acquisition, primarily of industry websites, is to give the strongest advantage on the media market. Why are media giants interested in buying smaller entities from each other? How should public media operate on a commercial market, which must not take over other entities? How much money do you need today to play an important role in the media takeover market?

Polish enterprises are increasingly willing to enter and export abroad and, using their and other companies' experience, are getting on better with them. Profits from foreign operations are steadily increasing, and entrepreneurs setting up their startups immediately do so with the idea of "born global". The "Made in Poland" label itself is increasingly recognizable, and foreign consumers trust our products. How to sustain this upward trend? How to strengthen the "Made in Poland" brand on foreign markets?

Construction of the Solidarity Transport Hub, which costs approx. PLN 30 billion is an important project on the investment map of Poland. The development of the infrastructure as well as the possibility to develop international cooperation (in the institutional and business fields) are the main advantages in favour of the Port. What is the significance of such investments in Poland for the Polish economy and foreign policy? What can their implementation mean for the future development of international cooperation?

Along with the technical recession started on the US stock market, Poland is facing a revision of its economic growth forecasts. What changes are expected by entrepreneurs after deep changes in the market environment and how territorial and central administration can further support SMEs, which determine the strength of the Polish economy.

The previous years, despite the favorable economic situation, meant a relative decline in investment outlays in relation to revenues in the SME sector. It amounted to 4.3% and was the lowest since 2012. And the sum of investment outlays remained in 2017 at the level from last year. And it amounted to PLN 93.6 thousand. The discussion will concern the postulated changes in the legal environment that would encourage SMEs to increase investment outlays, thus contributing to increasing competitiveness of Polish SMEs on a regional scale.

PARP research shows that over 54 percent companies do not cooperate with other companies at all. Only 38 percent large companies declare cooperation with micro, small and medium enterprises. By introducing what instruments and incentives entrepreneurs can be encouraged to cooperate. On success stories of cooperation between SMEs and large enterprises.

Hidden champions are enterprises in the German economy that, thanks to technological advantage and innovative solutions, successfully managed to market niches. Somehow draw on German experience. Domestic enterprises also effectively use niches, such as producers of polyurethane foams widely used in construction around the world. What are other niches developed by Polish entrepreneurs and how can large players support them in this?

The SME sector is vital for the Polish economy, accounting for nearly 50% of Polish GDP. Polish companies after a hard first half update their development strategies and plans. How has the last thirty years of the free market economy influenced Polish society and the entrepreneurial spirit? On the example of foreign Partners and their best practices, what are effective SME support systems? So that the next 30 years would be a further period of domination of small entrepreneurs.

In 2018, net inflow to Poland from foreign investments direct amounted to PLN 50.4 billion. Investors with shares in domestic direct investment entities related to industrial processing, wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles as well as financial and insurance activities generated the highest income. How will FDI inflows be shaped in Poland in the coming years? How to encourage foreign investors to increase capital involvement in Poland "

A well-managed enterprise must grow and grow. It acquires more and more customers, occupies an increasing part of the market and employs more and more employees. Up to a point, this happens organically, through natural development. However, once the company has reached a significant size, it can use other available methods to expand its business. How can Polish enterprises benefit from mergers and acquisitions? What good practices should be implemented to successfully undergo these processes?

So far, vodka has been one of the main export goods when it comes to the Polish spirit industry. In this case, the "Made in Poland" brand was well-known and enjoyed popularity abroad. However, due to climate change and changing consumer preferences, there are more and more entrepreneurs who, among others they produce wine in Polish wineries, and this alcohol is becoming more and more popular and appreciated by consumers. What are the prospects for the alcohol industry in Poland? What can entrepreneurs count on?

For many Polish and Central European corporations, recent years have been a period of dynamic growth. Therefore, more and more often we are dealing with the situation of their presence not only in Europe, but also on other continents. Which way leads to success, what plan to adopt for the construction and development of the company, where to look for competitive advantages, giving chances for success?

Europe and World

Information consumers lose confidence in the media, because the information they provide is often provided with a more or less subtle commentary, data and statements taken out of context, or intentionally compiled. Publishing business is changing by adapting technological gains and participating in the race for priority and the "exclusive" label. Information attractively “wrapped”, with high "click-through" does not have to be real to sell well. And here comes the important question of whether the truth is also part of the truth, the interpretation of the fact, the statement containing the suggestion, etc. Fake news on the web is a growing problem today. Is it possible to fight this phenomenon effectively and how?

In the modern world, innovation is a significant factor in economic development. To encourage companies to invest, including investing in innovation, many countries provide financial support in this area. In addition to subsidies, many countries also provide indirect support in the form of tax breaks focused on innovation activities - investment breaks or R&D discounts. But such solutions cannot be burdened with excessive fortifications, which in turn may discourage their use.

Five years have passed since the introduction of EU and US economic sanctions against Russia in response to the annexation of Crimea and intervention in the Donbass. On the one hand, sanctions have cut off Russia's access to global financial markets. On the other - they forced the Kremlin to remodel the economy based so far on gas and oil exports, which resulted for instance in very strong development of agricultural production. Does Russia have a chance to develop despite sanctions? And how do Western countries view the prospect of maintaining sanctions?

With the end of the wars in the territory of former Yugoslavia in the nineties, theoretically the road to integration of this region with the European Union was opened. Slovenia was among the first countries of the former socialist bloc to be admitted to the EU in 2007. In 2013, Croatia joined the club. However, the other Western Balkan countries still appear to be far from achieving this goal - among other reasons, as a result of France's strong opposition to the opening of accession negotiations with Albania and Northern Macedonia. Also, the NATO membership of some Balkan countries remains undetermined in situation when Russia is seeking influence in this region (especially in Serbia, Northern Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina).

Poland, located on the route of the planned large commercial corridor to connect China with Europe, seems to be a geographically predestined area to play an important role in the implementation of this project. But other countries of the region, such as Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine and Belarus, are also fighting for the role of a main CEE hub for the transport of goods from and to China. Is partnership possible here, or are the Visegrad countries and their eastern neighbors facing mutual competition for economic relations with Beijing?

The 2015 nuclear agreement with Iran became an impulse for European companies to build cooperation programs with this country. In turn, the new US sanctions and the US-Iran conflict in 2019 have almost completely excluded Iran from international economic cooperation. Is there a chance that Tehran will return to cooperation with the West or will it be a barrier blocking the housing of the New Silk Road, which is to connect China with Europe?

Brexit and the deepening divergencies within the North Atlantic Alliance cast a shadow over the current state of the European Union and NATO. The United Nations has increasingly been criticised for its decision-making powerlessness on the key issues. Is the international order founded after 1945 just experiencing the most serious crisis in its history? Should the existing functioning of the institutions upholding the global order be necessary to revise?

Georgia declares its intention to join the European Union and NATO. At the same time, border conflicts, the pressure of Russian diplomacy and internal troubles are blocking Georgia's road to the West. Is Georgia able to develop a new model of escape from Russian domination in a situation where "enthusiasm" for enlargement is weakening in Western countries?

Turkey, led by President Erdogan, is returning to the old "Ottoman” model of politics. The role of Islamic tradition is growing, Ankara sees the goals of its policy in expansion to the Middle East and North Africa. Membership in the European Union ceased to be a priority of Turkish policy. Does this mean that Turkey will turn its back on the West by trying an independent power game? Or is it a game calculated to strengthen Ankara's bargaining power in Western institutions?

Until recently, we talked mostly about slowbalisation in globalisation due to reduced foreign direct investment, trade war and protectionism in the US. Nowadays, as a result of the economic depression triggered by the global coronavirus wave, we are confronted with the challenge of globalization as such. The pandemic has shown that total dependence on imports from China and, more broadly, South-East Asia can be dangerous to the West. Today it is already clear that value chains need to be reorganized, the question is how deep and how much it will hit consumers' pockets. And what will global trade be like as a consequence?

On the 1st of January, 2020 the UK will definitely leave the EU structures. The final shape of the bilateral relations will only become known right before the end of the Transition Period yet we already know that the future UK-EU relations should be as close and as complex as possible. How will the UK look without the EU? How will the EU look without the UK? Must Brexit hurt?

Security Forum

In the face of contemporary threats to European security, the deeper integration of NATO armies is a must. However, what is the most effective way of achieving this synthesis? Joint hardware procurements, multinational exercises, or maybe international foreign deployments and mixed units? Is there one ‘Golden Mean’ to this or is the issue much more complicated?

The fall of the Iron Curtain has brough a stagnation to the international arms industry for years. However nowadays the defence sector is flourishing yet again. Interestingly, many states are becoming prone to purchasing hardware from domestic rather than international manufactures which although good for economy is not enough to sustain these companies. With that being said, how can small domestic companies compete with international arms corporations?

For many the fall of the ‘Iron Curtain’ equalled the need do dismantle NATO as it suddenly became obsolete. However the current geopolitical situation clearly indicates that there still is a need for collective security organisation such as the Alliance. The number of threat is so great that different members have different security priorities depending on their geographical and political position. What is the greatest contemporary threat to European security? Russia, China, Iran or the cyber-sphere in general?

From 1 July 2019, for half a year, the Visegrad Group countries and Croatia were on duty in Cracow as part of the EU Battle Group. The soldiers were kept ready to be able to react quickly and decisively in case of danger in Europe. The creation of a battle group undoubtedly brings practical benefits. It opens the way to lasting military cooperation and savings associated with more effective use of military and industrial potential. The next Battle Group is planned to be on duty in the first half of 2023. Is there a chance to maintain long-term cooperation for common security in the region?

Critical infrastructure is a key element from the point of view of national security, stability and economic development, functioning of societies and individual citizens. The growing dependence of the functioning of the Critical Infrastructure on IT solutions and the changes taking place in this environment lead to new challenges for the provision of security. The threat can be both possible technical faults, human errors, but also intentional, hostile actions carried out in cyberspace.

Formally, the period of the longest market boom in Wall Street has ended on 11.03.2020 with the market entering the phase of technical recession. Caused by the spreading COVID-19 pandemic Coronavirus. How individual countries were struggling with a pandemic. How did societies and entrepreneurs react to them? About what conclusions to be drawn for the future and whether the Pole is really smart after the damage.

The Central Communication Port is to be an airport that uses the latest technological achievements; investment that completely changes the way of traveling and airport experience in many aspects. The determinant of modernity is to be not only the size, but intuitiveness, comfort and the shortest transfer time, including the passage through security and transport checks. The concept of a transport node based on interconnected air and railway nodes, consistent with the road network layout, requires large investments in the sphere of safety. How will CPK affect transport reality? What challenges await a transport security policy?

By using public popular tools, such as social networks like Facebook, Twitter it is possible to influence the public opinion of a foreign country to the extent that might even affect the election results. Recently, there has been a dramatic increase of the so-called trolls, operating for the needs of the global players. Significant activity of such measures is also noticed in Poland. Will the cyberwar become the main battlefield between the poles in the future? How hostile activities in the network affect the shaping of European geopolitics? How small and medium size countries can effectively protect themselves against the effects of hostile activities in the network? How can common education help in this matter?

Digitalization Forum

In 2008, the Apple App Store and Google Play Store were presented. The two largest stores with mobile applications began with less than 600 applications. Today, each of them has millions of applications. Over the past decade, there has been a rapid development of mobile applications and the ecosystems created around them, which as a result impacted on consumers habits. About the mobile first approach and digital companies that, while creating solutions for communication with customers, have focused on mobile applications and began to dominate the market.

In European Union, Poland is one of the fastest digitizing economies. Despite this, in terms of the use of ICT in all sectors of the economy, the domestic market is still far behind European leaders. However, digital transformation seems to be inevitable. According to forecasts, by the end of 2020, 60% of enterprises will implement new IT solutions as part of a comprehensive digital strategy. How are companies doing on the path of digital transformation?

The rapid development of machine learning and artificial intelligence on the one hand fascinates, on the other hand it can frighten. We can be satisfied with all the new conveniences in our lives - from managing our responsibilities and plans for the holidays to making a medical diagnosis or stock market simulations. At the same time, the social and personal consequences that come with it can be alarming, including increasingly frequent contact with other people at a distance, or profound changes in the way you work. How will society function in 5, 10, 20 years? Are we approaching the moment when Homo Deus is created? How to prepare for it?

Companies are increasingly using specialized software to support, among others production, sales, human resource management, recruitment, warehouse management, marketing and many other business processes. And although the benefits of each of these tools are really great, we will achieve the best results only when they are properly integrated with each other. Integration, however, is unfortunately associated with an increased risk of cybersecurity. In the event of an attack, key enterprise data can be stolen, used and made public. How to properly prepare for IT systems integration? What solutions should you choose?

According to the Supreme Audit Office's report, the cybersecurity and the processing of personal data in local governments is still a topic that is not much talked about. They take into account the development of digitization and e-services, increased awareness of cyber threats and the need to ensure network security should be given priority. Who and how can support local governments and prepare them for cyberrevolution?

Cybersecurity is one of the EU’s priorities. Nevertheless, it is increasingly difficult to guarantee the data and information protection, even despite knowing that some cybercrimes can have far-reaching negative consequences not only in the country of the incident but also for the rest of Europe. Will the new EU’s new cyber policies be enough to ensure security in the digital world? How can EU states cooperate in that matter?

Currently, business is undergoing many fundamental transformations due to the progressing digitization. During the Covid-19 pandemic, many companies that were based on the brick and mortar model collapsed. In the face of challenges posed by modern times, it seems necessary to run e-business. Is the modern economy "doomed" to e-commerce? Is this the final end of the brick and mortar era, which seemed to revive?

Small and medium-sized enterprises that use cloud solutions on a daily basis include among their greatest advantages: communication efficiency in the company (77 percent), the possibility of remote work (74 percent) and ease of data storage and processing (72 percent) - according to the report " Cloud in SME. Confidence or caution of entrepreneurs? ". How to encourage not only SMEs to faster integration of cloud-based solutions? Is the current level of data security both formal and technological sufficient? About competitive advantages and a new deal resulting from clouding.

In 2017, a government electromobility team was established, whose main goal was to develop a concept for implementation in Poland. At what stage of the "Energy for the future" plan are we currently? Among the 28 EU Member States, various strategies have been adopted to increase the number of electric vehicles. From tax incentives, through maintenance and accounting allowances to social education or low emission zones like in the Netherlands. Which of these solutions prove to be more effective?

Over the course of last years how have the changing habits of consumers-citizens impacted the change in the way of interaction with public administration? Mobile applications created to control the attitudes of citizens, e.g. being in quarantine, are becoming increasingly popular. How to build civil society using new technologies so that we do not wake up in Orwel's reality.

Data is a new oil. In this way, one of the prestigious weeks described the changes taking place in the economy of the second decade of the 21st century. They are important not only for business, enabling the personalization of products and services, while increasing cost efficiency. In Denmark, the introduction of digital mail makes it possible to reach 89% of residents over 15 and a savings of EUR 100 million. It is an opportunity for the administration to learn better the habits and anticipate the behavior of residents. About best practices and how to aggregate citizens' data with limited resources.

We change digitization in all cases, but not all. According to the Information Society in Poland report in 2018 published by the Central Statistical Office, 84% of the population has Internet access. 3568 towns are left without access to the Internet. Another challenge is the speed of the link. During the March period of social distance, even in Western economies, the network was overloaded - Vadofone reports that traffic was increased by 30% at that time. How telecommunications operators should build the next generation of network infrastructure and administration should implement e-services in order not to lead to digital exclusion.

Over 10 million customers in Poland use banking services via a smartphone. Contactless payments are the standard. According to NBP data, we make contactless transactions near 85%. Polish banks can boast of prestigious international awards in the category of design and the range of mobile services offered. About the future and prospects of the market including the risk of overshooting.

Energy Forum

The energy system in Europe is undergoing a profound transformation. The shift towards low-carbon energy sources causes the involvement of energy companies in offshore wind energy. Although Polish farms in the Baltic Sea are still in the design phase and will start producing energy around 2025, a number of administrative and political decisions are necessary as to the shape of the Polish energy sector.

The Ministry of Energy assumes that by 2030 there will be approx. 300 areas in Poland energy-balanced, using local, distributed energy sources. The constantly growing number of prosumers in Poland is to help this. At the end of 2019, it was 100,000 units. The popularization of this solution along with financing is currently carried out as part of the government program "my electricity", whose total budget is PLN 1 billion for not less than PLN 200,000. photovoltaic installations in Poland. Can we expect the Chinese monopoly to be broken in terms of imported panels and how the development of technology will affect the longevity and effectiveness of solutions. Can Polish distributors also compete abroad?

It is common knowledge that Gazprom – the biggest Russian company delivering gas to Europe – is a tool of Kremlin`s foreign policy. It raises reasonable concerns from countries dependent on Russian gas supplies. What measures should be taken by countries feeling themselves threatened by dominating the Russian supplier? Can LNG supplies and investing in shale gas create a viable alternative?

The heating system in Central Europe, including Poland faces the challenge of thorough modernization. The vast majority of district heating systems are inefficient, have a negative impact on air quality, climate change and health. Considering the natural environment, dynamic urban development and EU guidelines - in what direction will the heating be developed? Will it be possible to operate the heating sector without fossil fuels?

The Polish Energy Policy 2040 is a response to the most important challenges facing the Polish energy sector.
Ambitious plans to implement the assumptions of the Energy Policy of Poland 2040 specify:
• 60% share of coal in electricity generation in 2030
• 21% renewable energy in final gross energy consumption in 2030
• implementation of nuclear energy in 2033
• 23% improvement in energy efficiency by 2030 compared to 2007 forecasts
• 30% CO2 reduction by 2030 (compared to 1990)
How to achieve this goal?

A well-developed gas infrastructure makes it possible to achieve the objectives of the European Union's climate and energy policy, enabling access to natural gas as a low-emission energy source in many sectors of the economy. This applies in particular to Central and Eastern Europe, where significant reductions in the long term can be achieved by switching from high-carbon to low-carbon energy sources. The Polish transmission system can play a key role in the development of the Polish gas market and its role in the integration of gas markets in Central and Eastern Europe.

The European Commission has proposed 2050 as the EU's goal of achieving climate neutrality. This means maximum reduction of carbon dioxide emissions in industry, transport and energy. There are over 400 nuclear power plants in the world, more are being built. Undoubtedly, nuclear power is a reliable source of energy in the long term. Can it be treated as renewable energy source?

Energy companies involved in the processing and distribution of fossil fuels are increasingly diversifying their activities. Some of them announce ambitious climate neutrality targets. At the same time, they issue the, so-called, green bonds, whose interest rate is linked to the implementation of environmental objectives. The value of the green bond market in February 2019 exceeded USD 100 billion globally. We are witnessing an energy revolution. How will companies increase efficiency while becoming environmentally neutral? What actions should be taken to achieve the highest level of efficiency in the "new" energy era?

The negotiation period for the Fund scheduled for 2021-2027 will expire in June. Poland could be its biggest beneficiary. The support limit from the Fund is EUR 2 billion. The amount is related to the degree of links between the state and regions with fossil fuels and the number of jobs in the mining sector. How Polish regions and central authorities intend to use the acquired funds and how foreign experience in the field of energy transformation should influence the formation of national mechanisms.

The security of critical energy infrastructure is increasingly determined by IT solutions. This creates threats for the Distribution System Operators such as the possibility of hacking electricity meters. Another challenge is the further improvement of the continuity of supply ratios, which involves moving some of the infrastructure underground. The spring crisis of 2019 related to pollution of crude oil imported into the country was a test for domestic processors. About how to implement further solutions to increase the number of prosumers.

The long-term strategy of the European Commission, created in 2018, assumes that Europe will become climate neutral by 2050. The vision of running such an economy is tempting, but there are more and more voices that it will not be possible to achieve it by the set deadline. What goals should Europe set in order to achieve the expected results? How do individual EU countries fit into this strategy?

In 2017, a government electromobility team was established, whose main goal was to develop a concept for implementation in Poland. At what stage of the "Energy for the future" plan are we currently? Among the 28 EU Member States, various strategies have been adopted to increase the number of electric vehicles. From tax incentives, through maintenance and accounting allowances to social education or low emission zones like in the Netherlands. Which of these solutions prove to be more effective?

Hydrogen energy was invented at the turn of the 20th and 21st century. It means huge benefits not only for the energy sector. In the transport system, which is responsible for about 30% of energy consumption, alternative fuels such as hydrogen bring measurable economic benefits on an appropriate scale. In what areas should significant progress be expected for hydrogen to become an important secondary source of energy? Does the hydrogen power industry have a chance to become a serious competition for the existing energy carriers?

Innovations Forum

In the era of climate change and the threat to our planet due to global warming and depletion of the Earth, socially responsible innovations are gaining more and more attention and give hope to protect us at least to some extent from the potentially catastrophic effects of the current situation. How does Poland and Europe compare with the world in the context of creating new technologies that have CSR DNA in them? What can we do to stimulate the emergence of such solutions?

More than half of the companies surveyed by the Digital Poland Foundation have AI teams of five or fewer employees. Just 10 percent the companies examined by us have a team that can be described as large, i.e. one in which over 20 specialists work with AI. About how to catch up with Western enterprises, for which the main driving force of profitability and revenues is cloud services like Amazon Web Services or Azure from Microsoft.

The gaming sector in Poland is characterized by one of the highest growth rates in the entire entertainment sector, amounting to 7% y / y. Capitalization of gamin companies listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange exceeded PLN 28 billion. And the largest Polish producer CD Projekt Red valued at times on the stock exchange as the third company in terms of stock market valuation on the WSE. GameINN was the largest industry support program in the country. Created by NCBiR, it assumes support of game producers in the amount of PLN 110 million. The panelists will answer the question what are the prospects for the gaming sector in Poland, the producers themselves, and will subsequent editions of the GameINN program support this dynamic industry in export activities?

The theme of Artificial Intelligence has not been disappearing from the global agenda in recent years. Its advantages include the minimisation of human error, the replacement of humans in risk-taking, faster decision-making processes or, finally, 24/7 availability. In addition to the undeniable qualities, AI also carries a number of dangers. Rising unemployment, emotional indifference and a lack of ability to go beyond the scheme are examples being mainly indicated. Critics of Artificial Intelligence also point out its potentially destructive power if it were in the wrong hands. Should we really be concerned about the increasingly common uses of AI? Are the advantages of its usage able to reduce the risks?

It is widely known that the contribution of women in the innovation sector is very important. It was women who invented technologies such as Bluetooth, Wi-Fi or the first code compilers. In today's world, however, women still have to pierce the glass ceiling, especially in the IT industry. How should the state and business be used to implement women in their career path? How should the education system change so that women in the final situation have equal opportunities on the labor market?

Big Data, IoT, cloud computing, machine learning - modern businesses are introducing new technologies on a massive scale. Progressing digitization is unstoppable. An additional impulse for changes in companies was also the Covid-19 pandemic, which eventually forced many companies to introduce remote work. How can Polish enterprises benefit from the digital revolution? How not to lag behind the competition?

Polish technology companies have surprised the world more than once and proved that there is a place for them in the world of global business. Examples such as CD Projekt, Booksy, Brand24 only confirm this. What are the success factors that make a company more likely to enter the global market? Should young companies create their businesses immediately with motto: "Go Global" in mind?

Big Data are huge, unstructured data sets that cannot be analyzed with simple tools that have been used in enterprises so far. The rapid development of technologies such as IoT, 5G and progressive digitization mean that countless amounts of data are generated every day. How to use the potential of Big Data to increase company's competitive advantage? On the other hand, how to protect the company against potential threats and ensure cybersecurity?

Experts have proclaimed the end of the printed press for many years. Now, more and more often, the same thing is said about radio and television. The ideal hybrid seems to be the Internet, which combines all these media. How long will traditional media survive in present form? How big are the information and advertising possibilities of the Internet compared to the press, radio or television? How is the content wiever different from that one preferring traditional media?

Discussion about optimal use of the Internet of things in the future in towns and cities (Smart Cities) corresponding to the challenges of economic, social and economy 4.0.

Today's urban transport is different than it was 20 years ago: electrobuses, bus and tram lanes, Uber service providers, car, bicycle and e-scooter rentals - all this wasn't there until recently, let alone autonomous taxis. Which way will further evolution of communication in cities go? What will the streets of our cities look like in the next 10, 20 years.

It is widely known that the current teaching system in schools and colleges does not correspond to the rapidly changing reality of the 21st century. Archaic teaching methods and core curricula that do not contain issues that would allow young people to find their place on the labor market after completing formal teachings only cause frustration and confusion. Fortunately, products and services are created on the market that are intended to develop a passion for disciplines called STEM in the young generation. How can the state, corporations and innovative startups change the face of Polish science? How long will the transformation process take?

The financial industry, like all branches of the economy, is heavily digitized. Not only the services and products of banks can be used thanks to the facilitation of digitization. New open banking solutions enable third parties to create solutions that help both companies and individual clients in managing finances. In turn, from an external perspective to banks, more fintechs are emerging on the market - financial startups that benefit from the benefits of the digital age and offer services and products competitive to those created by banks. Do all these facilities meet cyber security requirements? How to protect yourself from potential attacks? Are banks ready for this?

Nowadays, as in much of previous decades, this saying is indeed true. We are living the beginning of the „digital transformation” of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, a paradigm shift in manufacturing
strategies. The change will not only affect the manufacturing strategy of industrial companies in the future, but it will also affect the social systems, employment and economic policies of nations. Will it
bring about changes in society, demographics, the arts, infrastructure, science and fashion?

Media and Communication Forum

In recent years, more and more blogs, YouTube channels or social media profiles are being created in the public space that describe the world. Citizen journalism, which is considered more credible than mainstream media, is also gaining more attention. Do today's technological opportunities give anyone a chance to be a journalist? Where does journalism begin and hobby information ends? What are the benefits and risks of journalism treated this way?

One of the main theories of communication speaks of glocalism - looking at the world globally from a local perspective. The same is in case of every recipient of information. First, he wants to know what is happening around his home, and then what is the situation in the country. How important is the role of local media for small towns and regions? How do local media compete with nationwide recipients and advertisers? Do local media have a chance to work without pressure from local government officials?

Theoretically, asking a sufficiently large and proportionally selected (as to age, place of residence and social origin) statistical sample of citizens should result in an opinion on one or another matter - or e.g. citizens' election preferences - as close to the truth as possible. But often this is not the case. Why? Why do surveys ordered even at centers considered absolutely independent differ in their results depending on who is ordering (and paying for) the study? And is it not so that some questioned respond not so much according to their own opinion as to "politically correct" expectations (e.g. in countries dominated by liberal "political narrative" they hide conservative views)? How to create public opinion polling mechanisms that would be free of these burdens?

Social media are an increasingly important player on the advertising market. According to forecasts, advertisers can invest more in advertising in social media in the near future than in television. What factors make advertising on social media so attractive? What will the new reality of the advertising market look like?

Internal communication is a platform for dialogue between management and employees. Employees want to influence what is happening in the company, know the goals that are set for them, and above all they want to obtain this information firsthand. This applies to both international corporations and small and medium-sized enterprises. That is why it is worth ensuring that the internal dialogue is lively and stands at the highest level possible. Effective internal communication not only affects the work atmosphere, it also improves efficiency, thereby increasing the chances of success for the company. Just how to do it? How to conduct internal communication?

The coronavirus pandemic has caused global paralysis. The virus from China will go down in history as the most important event of 2020. On the one hand, all humanity began to fear for their health and life, on the other, the global economy stood over the abyss. Under these circumstances, public moods may prove difficult to predict. Therefore, efficient communication is necessary. How should global governments communicate with citizens during the crisis? How to convey low-optimistic content so as not to cause panic? What responsibility does the media have - both public and commercial - during the crisis? What are the best communication channels on the line public administration-citizen today?

In the world of a gigantic flow of information, in a real information buzz that takes away a man's chance for virtual analysis, each of us is looking for a way to easily identify what is important and unimportant, what is good and bad. In such a world, does the CEO, the owner of a company must be its symbol and what can it mean? Can the CEO be a brand?

The success of an enterprise depends not only on its financial results. A run of luck can end quickly if a company neglects its external relations. The way the company communicates externally influences its image. Lack of external communication may suggest that a company or organization is not interested in good reputation. How to conduct external communication of the company to derive measurable benefits from it?

Social media has become an important space for image creation. For both private and public individuals as well as companies. Activity on social media influences how we are perceived by others. This is determined by the photos we share, the opinions we post on the web, the way we express ourselves, what we are interested in or how we dress. Are there any dangers in social media activity? What are the good and bad sides of a digital image? Can we lose control over the image on the web? Are there ethical principles on the web?

Trust is one of the foundations of a journalist's work. This applies to both - the trust of informants and recipients of information in journalists. In the era of new media and problems related to fake news, we observe a decrease in trust in journalists. We question what we hear on the radio and television, what we read in the press. Is this a trend that can be changed? Is it possible to restore confidence in the media? Is journalism still a profession of public trust in the 21st century?

The strength of the so-called "fourth power" and its real impact on building public opinion are the assets of the media that are very well known. A free press without censorship is an essential element of any democratic society. However, media often also depend on the business, which puts potential profit first, while pushing freedom of speech into the background. In the era of visible divisions (not only political ones), hasn't "free press" become just an empty slogan? Do truly free media still exist?

Healthcare Forum

Despite the act, which will increase funds allocated to health care to 6 percent GDP in 2024, its financing in Poland still remains a challenge, and the situation is exacerbated by a shortage of medical staff and an aging society. Therefore, mechanisms are needed to increase the efficiency of spending, and the funds should go first to those institutions that are able to use them best. Consolidation, purchasing groups, consortia. These are only selected ways to optimize expenses in health protection. But is it effective?

The Benefits for patients and medical personnel resulting from adoption of modern solutions in healthcare are indisputable. E-prescription, E-referral, Online Patient Account, TOPSOR or Office for medical personnel, which have been already implemented in some places in Poland, are the beginning of the new age in healthcare. How does a payer introduce innovativeness and how to take advantage of innovative methods in healthcare infrastructure? Discussion during the panel will be focused on the practical sphere of e-tools, innovative solutions in the healthcare system, the expectations towards these elements in Poland and also on the new EU 2021+ perspective.

The healthcare is one of the most complex areas of the economy. In modern civilization, the rate of illness is faster than treatment options, which is why the demand for medical services far exceeds the possibilities of financing and partly even satisfying them. In the light of this particular importance, the issues of public health, patient awareness and their active participation in the health care system are gaining importance. It is necessary to change the paradigm and combine corrective medicine with educational, preventive and preventive measures.

All questions regarding drug policy are inextricably linked to the budget and financing. The pharmaceutical industry is recognized as one of the most innovative sectors of the global economy and plays a key role in the development of individual countries. The Strategy for Responsible Development indicates the need to strengthen the role of the pharmaceutical sector in Poland. However, this requires creating the right conditions for stability and transparency of the law and incentives for long-term investments.

Non-profit approach isn’t the same as no profit approach. This implies that both private and public hospitals should be managed effectively and make a profit. Financial results are having direct affect the possibility of the development and enhancing quality of medical services and patient care. How does central decisions on medical staff’s salary impact on their motivation?

Modern medical technologies are not only expenses, but also benefits for the system. In 10 years, proficiency in innovative technologies in medicine and digital health will be a must. If Polish doctors or medical students want to keep up with changes, they have to educate today. Support is also needed for those who themselves are looking for innovative solutions and want to launch their inventions on the market.

Ensuring drug and product safety is connected with the need to ensure diversification of supplies and introduction of solutions that will allow the production of active substances in various places around the world, including in Europe. Once again, the question about RTR comes back .

Diseases have always accompanied people. Many of them, because of the huge number of victims, have permanently made history. The coronavirus pandemic made the world stand still for a while and the socio-economic effects will be felt for a long time. What diseases threaten us in the 21st century? What can we do today to prevent another?

The healthcare system in Poland needs new funding streams. Additional health insurance may be one of its elements. Regulating the issue of these insurance will enable directing a new source of funds to the system and provide patients with care at the expected level. So how to effectively combine public and private financing in healthcare?

Artificial intelligence is a revolution in medicine currently used primarily as a support for doctors in analyzing diagnostic images and other test results. But the concept of AI is much wider and includes both robots used in surgical procedures, mobile applications that detect symptoms of users, and systems that detect irregularities in the settlement of services. Will artificial intelligence be better than doctors?

Non-profit approach isn’t the same as no profit approach. This implies that both private and public hospitals should be managed effectively and make a profit. Financial results are having direct affect the possibility of the development and enhancing quality of medical services and patient care. How does central decisions on medical staff’s salary impact on their motivation?

Regions Forum

Since 2007, more than half of the world's population is already urban (74% in the EU) and the rate is rising unstoppable. This makes it possible for municipalities, planners, managers, investors and citizens to create cities that are "good" to live in, attract quality immigration and hospitality, and are economically and culturally competitive and vital. In addition, while also contributing to the improvement of the Earth's environmental condition. What is „mySMARTLife concept” and how can it be implemented? What are the possibilities of the CIVITAS initiative?

Focuss on regional development is one of the basic financial and political strategies of the European Union. Stron Europe means strong regions that are able to cope with fierce global competition, implement sustainable development assumptions or carry out investments in a proper way, thanks to which the quality of the region's specialization increases. The aim of the panel is to debate the new assumptions of EU cohesion policy and to present the possibilities of regional cross-border cooperation.

According to a report prepared by the UN in 2018, 68% of the world's population will be living in cities by the 2050. The position of urban centres is evidenced not only by their growing population, but above all the economy. It is fair to say that currently more than 70% of the world's GDP is generated by cities. And they are increasingly influencing global politics. Particularly, since most of the global challenges such as energy, cybersecurity and climate change refer directly to the cities. Some metropolises create special departments responsible for international affairs. Is city diplomacy reserved only for megacities? What are the benefits of actively conducted foreign policy by the city authorities?

What will the cities of the future be like? Definitely smart. Researchers around the world are working on technological solutions that are to make global metropolises more and more friendly, safe, functional and support the needs of residents - in infrastructure, transport, spatial planning, education or entertainment. What technological solutions are the most promising in the transformation of the urban tissue? Which of them will apply in the coming years, and for what do we have to wait for many decades?

After long years of stagnation, the railway returned to favor. Railway investments are one of the most awaited infrastructural investments in Poland. And it's not just about new rolling stock, track or station repairs, but first and foremost about launching new routes that are to prevent communication exclusion and contribute to the development of local Poland. What investments are most awaited? How will the railway change in the coming years? What is the state of the Polish regional railways compared to other Central and Eastern European countries?

The Regional Partnership consists of six Central European countries: Austria, the Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia and Hungary. The Regional Partnership was established in 2001 on the initiative of the Austrians and is intended to be a forum for dialogue where topics related to current EU policy are addressed. The Regional Partnership is to contribute to the development of joint positions for the countries of the Central European region. Does the Regional Partnership fulfill its functions? What are the experiences so far of the Regional Partnership cooperation?

Degraded areas are inhabited areas where, for various reasons, negative social phenomena are concentrated and whose functions have ceased to be significant, or have been neglected in the planning, political or social process. These include post-industrial and post-military areas, or old downtown districts, where there is high unemployment, crime and low education. In recent years, Polish self-governments have carried out many successful revitalization processes, causing degraded areas to regain their radiance and become representative parts of cities. However, much more needs to be done. What and where should be revitalized? What are the benefits of revitalizing degraded areas? Which of the revitalization projects implemented so far can be a positive example for further such activities?

Ukraine Forum

It was expected that the change of Kyiv's government in 2019 would bring a substantial improvement in Polish-Ukrainian relations, which had been subjected to difficult tests in the last few years. Controversy in historical policy was the most difficult to overcome. Kyiv and Warsaw also demonstrated a growing distance towards each other on other issues. The visit of the new Ukrainian president to Warsaw and initiatives from both sides have awakened hopes for a revived relationship. Can we talk about their strategic nature?

Labour migration can bring many negative effects for the country – workforce shortage, population aging, reducing of the economy. At the same time, it may also have many benefits, as migrants are investing in their countries, buying equity and starting new entreprises. So what labour migration is – a danger or a chance?

Close cooperation and good neighbourly relations are in the interest of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe. Joint and coordinated actions are especially important for the border regions. Their involvement in cross-border projects, exchange of ideas and experiences significantly influence the development of these areas and also increase the investment attractiveness. Which factors help and which ones complicate the cross-border cooperation?

As the result of presidental and parliamentary elections there was a change of Ukrainian authorities, who declared the rapid implementation of reforms and ensuring their success.
However, the assessment of their actions is not clear - the opposition, as well as some experts, remind about the lack of a structured strategy for transforming the country and chaotic legislation. What did Zelenski's team achieve and what mistakes did they make? How has the pace of modernisation of Ukraine changed over the last year?

In the recent years, NATO's attention has been very much focused on Ukraine, mainly because of the complicated political circumstances of this country. However, the issue of cooperation between the North Atlantic Alliance and Ukraine has already divided its members and forever changed NATO in many respects. The approach of the Alliance towards Ukraine has therefore undoubtedly influenced the political situation in the whole of Europe. For Ukraine, membership in NATO seems indispensable, but does NATO really need Ukraine? What barriers stand in the way of joining the Alliance and how can they be overcome? Is there any, equally beneficial alternative to Ukraine's membership in NATO?

Rebuilding the Donbass has again become a current topic of discussion not only in Ukraine. Investment plans are being made, talks are ongoing about the political future of the region and the reduction of tension on the ceasefire line. The economic potential of this area is of great importance for Ukraine. What is the 'tomorrow' of Donbass? What are the consequences of the attempts currently being made to resume the peace process and restore normal life? Are there any chances to find a solution that will satisfy everyone?

Management Forum

New solutions known as information technology change the traditional approach to doing business. The development of internet technology applications is extremely fast nowdays. The terms e-commerce and e-business are often used interchangeably, and specify the use of internet technology to introduce or extend transactions and business relationships on both the supply side (relationships with suppliers) and the sales side (relationships with customers). Why the e-commerce is the fastest growing sales market in the world?

Tolstoy begins with Anna Karenina with the words: "All happy families are alike, every unhappy family is unhappy in their own way." In business it is the opposite. All happy companies stand out by something; each of them is in some way a monopolist by solving a given problem. In turn, all companies that have problems they are similar in one respect: they have not managed to develop a competitive advantage How companies should create products and services that make them unique and guarantee survival and allow adaptation to constant change About the impact of organizational culture on the effectiveness of companies.

Good succession is not only a chance to make the best use of the family company's assets, but also a way for future generations to maintain a lasting organization that will reflect the ideals, values and family goals long after the current boss has left. Only ... why only 30% of companies that want to make a generational change on the nestor-successor line succeed? How to prepare for succession?

In the era of communication chaos and new technologies, it is a challenge to differentiate the brand from the competition. The situation becomes even more complicated when our recipient is a representative of generation Y, who is generally considered difficult, unspoiled and very aware of his needs. So how do you communicate with this "uncomfortable" generation? What actions to bet on?

Work and our private life are inextricably linked. We spend most of our day at work, so it is not surprising that it has a big impact on our lives. For several years, the work and life balance model has become popular and conquers European labor markets. Following the Scandinavian countries that have developed this method, more and more companies are trying to weave the work and life balance model into the job ads to attract employees. Is it possible to completely separate private life from work, and are employers really ready for it?

In the era of constant changes and innovations, enterprises must choose appropriate management methods to remain competitive on the market, and at the same time motivate their employees who more often place development higher in the hierarchy than high remuneration. In some corporations, Lean and Agile have already been introduced on a large scale. What are the good practices of innovative management methods? What can corporations learn from startups and innovative SMEs?

When, after a period of economic transformation, foreign companies began to invest in our country, many Polish managers climbing the career ladder achieved spectacular promotions. They currently manage hundreds and thousands of employees around the world and are proof that Poland can boast of qualified managers and specialists. What is the recipe for achieving international success in a corporation? What role does the education system play in all this, and what professional experience?

Human capital, low labor costs, high qualifications of specialists, attractive geographical location, public support and availability of real estate for investment - these are the biggest advantages attracting foreign investors to Poland. What else can our country encourage to invest? How to make Poland not associated only with cheap labor? How to build the image of our country abroad so that it is perceived as the best place to invest in the CEE region?

We live in an extremely dynamic reality. The beginning of the next decade of the 21st century is a period of changeability. How do great leaders navigate organizations in these uncertain times? What connects them and what patterns can we transplant to manage more effectively? On the constantly growing role of soft competences and how organizational management models change on the best examples.

In 2019, Gallup began researching 1,000 representatives from 140 countries on what risk is for them. One of the key areas in change management is mitigation and elimination of business risk. According to modern management strategies, this allows the company to gain a competitive advantage or access to capital. What are the other less obvious benefits of risk mitigation? When it stops taking risks, it makes the company less innovative. About the next challenges related to risk management faced by leaders.

Verna Alle coined the term of value network in 2003 in an attempt to describe the phenomenon of relational capital. Although the process of digitizing the economy and the lives of individuals is progressing, trust is still a key factor in complex and complex decisions, which is the foundation of relational capital. About how to effectively build relational capital today and how to use it to build and strengthen the position of an organization.

At the beginning of the 21st century, Cisco created its own vacancy announcement system called Pathfinder, to increase the internal mobility of employees between various departments. Today this type of practice is standard. However, depending on the sector of the economy, human resource management practices are different. Can we still talk about the employee market after the turbulent beginning of 2020? How intermediary agencies can increase the efficiency and speed of implementing employees in positions thanks to the progressing digitization of the evaluation and recruitment process. About whether automation of recruitment increases the likelihood of finding the perfect job candidate?

The success of each enterprise is based on motivated, committed employees who care about the best performance of their tasks and duties commissioned by the employer. Current research shows, however, that an increasing number of employees carelessly perform their duties and are often distracted during work, among others thanks to universal access to social media and other materials available on the Internet. Is it the employees 'or managers' fault that the productivity of work decreases at an alarming rate? What incentive system should you choose to ensure full employee involvement in the tasks entrusted?

In today's world, to win with competition, a company must enjoy a good reputation. Although this seems ridiculous, the brand's reputation built over the years can be destroyed by one online meme. An opinion about a company can be influenced, for example, by what its employees say behind the scenes. What factors are key to reputation when customers choose brands? How to build a good reputation? What not to do so as not to destroy a good reputation? Does a bad reputation have to end in bankruptcy?

During the crisis the natural question should be if a profit is a company's key aim? Although many companies are guided by this aim, reputation and reliability are required to remain on the market in the long term. You have to gain the trust of your workers to have a winning and effective team. Nowadays, responsible management of a company with respect for all interested parties and taking into account the environmental footprint are a must have. These are not just reputational measures; they also minimise risk. However, this is also linked with significant investment of resources. Are these measures worth it for companies?

Companies experience the first signs of an economic slowdown. The situation is also complicated by the current coronavirus pandemic, which has significant business implications, including changes in the organization of work and ways of doing business. Companies need strong leaders who can develop a strategy to act in uncertain realities and engage employees in change.

New Economy

The German psychologist, Professor Manfred Spitzer, is the author of the book entitled "Digital Dementia. How we Deprive Ourselves and Our Children of Mind", in which he draws attention to the disease syndrome occurring in young people, characterized by distraction, memory problems, fatigue, insomnia and depression. The common denominator for all diagnosed patients was the fact that they devoted extremely much time to the use of digital media, which, according to the author of the book, has negative effects on mental development. It is worth asking yourself now whether fast and free internet in each school will contribute to the fact that pupils and students will stop thinking independently? How will "Digital Dementia" affect society in the future?

Over the past decade there has been a return on the consumer brand market. Companies operating so far in the B2B model are increasingly starting B2C sales via the Internet. The number of brands that reach consumers directly, with different tastes and interests, has multiplied. How companies can stand out when carrying out omnichannel activities and what makes individual companies succeed in responding to current social trends.

Google Assistant, Microsoft's Cortana, Apple's Siri, Amazon Echo - all technology giants are working intensively on their voice assistants. It can be suspected that soon there will be a change in the approach towards e.g. online shopping. No longer at your fingertips, and on demand we will be able to do shopping, which will be delivered to the door of our homes. However, in addition to the convenience that this type of solution brings, there are also many risks, such as depriving consumers of the possibility to finally make a purchase decision. Are we ready for such a change? How will the goods and services market change in connection with the introduction of this technology?

American Professor Nouriel Roubini, along with Italian economist Brunell Rosa is forecasting a repeat of the global recession that happened 12 years ago. They also signal that the crisis may be more serious and long-lasting than a previous one. Governments currently seem to be run out of the right political tools that prevented economies from falling in 2008 and helped to manage the crisis. On the other hand, some of the thesis contained in the World Economic Outlook 2020 report prepared by theInternational Monetary Fund indicates a relatively stable global situation and even an economic rebound. Among the threats, IMF experts list, like Roubini andRosa, geopolitical conditions and increased US-China trade tensions. What will be the real picture of the global economy A.D. 2020? Are we really able to preventa recession?

The outflow of population from peripheral localities to large cities, difficult transport accessibility and low population density hamper the socio-economic development of the regions. Asymmetry between the centres and the periphery affects the functioning of the regions, including the development of culture and tourism. What can be done to keep people in the periphery and thus stimulate the development of local cultural activities and creative industries?

The Factory of the Future presents opportunities and challenges. Digitization and automatization of today’s factories can lead to new models of revenue, new possibilities for logistics and manufacturing as well as new roles of humans and machines within the factory. At the same time, these processes also increase the degree of complexity of a factory, create possible dangerous new interdependencies and altogether different security risks. The panel will discuss the opportunities that come with the automation and digitization of factories, how this transition towards this new factory system of systems may look like, but will also consider the new threats that come along, if security is not considered early on in the process.

Creative sector, which include industries such as advertising, architecture, design, fashion, film, music, software, toys and games, TV and radio, and video games has a positive impact on the creativity of other branches of business. Thanks to this, a specific area has emerged on the employment market, namely work in culture industry. How to develop this field and create new jobs?

COVID-19 has shown how dangerous not only for health but also for the economy unforeseen crisis situations can be. The effects of the economic downturn have been felt by all sectors, most notably tourism, events and manufacturing industry, and the world stock exchanges are constantly falling indexes. Is it possible, and to what extent, to anticipate the threat and prepare contingency plans that will prevent similar situations to those at the beginning of 2020? How to develop effective crisis management systems and emergency procedures for companies?

Social capital as a feature of social structure is considered one of the factors of economic development, which allows to answer the question why some economies are more or less efficient than one could infer from other indicators, such as the human capital index.The concept of social capital, however, has many definitions and research methods, making it difficult to measure and define. Regardless, economists and sociologists have no doubts - for the economy to be efficient and competitive, it is necessary to build social capital. Just how to do it?

Industry 4.0, i.e. the fourth industrial revolution assumes the unification of the world of production machines with the virtual world of the Internet and information technology. According to such a vision, Industry 4.0 is the realization of an intelligent factory that needs less and less human interference throughout the entire production and distribution process. How do global organizations invest in digital transformation? What are the main challenges facing companies that want to transform into digital enterprises? How is the process of the fourth industrial revolution taking place in Poland, Europe and other countries of the world?

Forecasts for the anticipated equality in the affluence of Central and Eastern European societies are most often based on the extrapolation of simple trends, assuming stable macroeconomic factors. The March crash caused by COVID-19 is a particularly strong signal for the revision of the strategy. How can the region's economies increase their competitiveness in this uncertain period? What influence leaders of individual countries have on the shaping of the Warsaw consensus, which can be a Middle East recipe for success in catching up with the West.

Globalization, which consists of economic and political processes inevitable for the development of all countries in the world, is one of the basic concepts of the 21st century. Globalization ensures trade liberalization, information exchange, social integration and development of large international corporations. Globalization processes, however, can be disturbed by a coronavirus pandemic if it results in mass unemployment, bankruptcies and a break in supply chains. Can a pandemic undermine the current shape of globalization? Does the modern world need to deepen globalization processes to ensure further economic development?

The crisis associated with the coronavirus and its aftermath particularly hit the service sector, which is the largest part of developed economies. Tourism, event and logistics business collided with crises suddenly and without preparation. A significant part of this business are small and medium-sized enterprises without significant financial reserves. What should be the model of public aid for those who collide with the crisis at the earliest.

Sport is one of those areas of human life that brings people together regardless of views, age or skin color. It is also a great opportunity for promotion. In many cases, athletes or teams are one of the best ambassadors of cities, regions, countries and even entire continents. Promotion of sport contributes to the dissemination of physical activity among the community, which has a positive effect on public health. Why is it worth investing in sport and how to do it wisely?

A few years ago, the American NBC station paid almost $ 8 billion for broadcasting rights for the Olympic Games in 2021-2032. The amounts paid for media rights are increasing year by year, and even the largest TV stations have to make their purchasing decisions early enough to outrank the competition. And the competition is big, because new players have appeared on this market - internet giants who want to transfer the broadcasts of major sporting events to the Internet. Who can afford to buy the rights? Can advertising revenue offset the money spent on broadcasting rights? Is showing the Olympic Games still prestige or just a costly fad?

State and Reforms

In the last several years, the biggest barrier to economic growth in Poland is bureaucracy, and its vivid manifestation - the overproduction of law. In 2019, 21.5 thousand of pages of legal acts of the highest rank (laws, regulations and international agreements) were adopted in Poland. There is no doubt that in times of such market uncertainty as it is today, a stable legal environment is necessary. What should be done to make entrepreneurs feel safe?

Lack of trust in the press, radio and television is not only the domain of Poles, but also residents of other countries in the world. Recipients are wary of the content transmitted in the mass media, most often accusing them of bias and manipulation. How to build customer trust? Can the mass media be objective? What does the term "reliable journalism" mean in the 21st century?

In the most industrialized countries, there has been a systematic increase in the share of people over 60 in the general population. The increase in the number of older people in society is caused by two basic phenomena: a decrease in the number of births and an increase in life expectancy. Aging societies in Europe can cause economic problems for EU countries. Actual workload may increase with age. How will EU countries deal with this issue? Can the robotization or immigration from regions of the world where the total fertility rate is over 2 born children per parent be the solution?

Wandering, or migration, is an integral part of human history from the outset. Migration is a natural phenomenon of modern economies and the globalizing world. A phenomenon that “happens - whether you want it to or not. However, there are significant differences in the effects, whether mass migration occurs at the same time or in a short period of time or over time. Long-term migration therefore leads to depletion of human capital in the sending regions and accumulation in the receiving regions, increasing productivity in the latter and decreasing in the former. Migration can sometimes lead to conflicts, which raise issues of cultural and philosophical, political science, sociological, anthropological, (national) economic and (national) security from historical and theoretical points of view.

More than 2.5 million Poles have a problem with timely repayment of their obligations. According to experts, consumer debt generates losses for the economy and the corporate sector at around 180 billion PLN per year. Mortgage installments, loans, credit card debt, telephone, electricity or gas bills, fines and alimony are not repaid. The total debt of Poles is growing every year and it seems that this trend cannot be stopped quickly. How to minimize the negative effects of debt on the economy and enterprises? How to improve the situation of Polish consumers? Can a vicious circle be broken?

The years 1989-1991 marked a breakthrough for many countries of Central and Eastern Europe which regained their sovereignty and carried out democratic and economic reforms. The majority of them were integrated into the Western supranational structures, i.e. the EU and NATO. But the balance sheet of the 30 years of freedom in this part of the world remains ambiguous, namely due to the crisis of liberal democracy, the revival of nationalism, social pauperization, peripheral development, etc. Are these challenges surmountable and how does Ukraine position itself against this background?

The digitization of public administration has become a hot topic in recent years. In the Scandinavian countries, the digitization of public administration has already been done, and has served the people for many years. We have been doing shopping for several years without leaving home, why couldn't we submit a passport application in a similar way? Are European countries ready for the digitization of their administrative systems in the era of 5G Internet, and is the virtual transfer of confidential data completely secure?

Technological giants are making a fortune, not necessarily paying the tax, in the countries where they earned incomes. That is why the introduction of a digital tax in the member states of the European Union has been widely discussed recently. What can be the benefits of introducing a digital tax, what are the risks and is it possible to introduce a tax in all EU countries?

Organized crime groups are the nightmare of many countries. Not only because of their direct threat to the security of citizens, but also because of their increasing negative impact on the economy. Criminal groups and the mafias that are popular in some regions are moving away from their traditional activities, investing in hotels, construction and waste disposal, among other things, and often committing corruption. What is the impact of organized crime groups on the state economy? How to effectively counteract criminal activities in the economy?

Corruption is an extremely complex problem that occurs in almost every area of life. Its scale is difficult to estimate. Research conducted by Transparency International shows changes in the process of counteracting corruption. Although Europe has been successful in the fight against corruption in recent years, there are still many regions that require more work in this area. How to prevent and fight corruption effectively?

Youth is the future of Europe. Building the country's economic and political development requires strength, determination, as well as innovative ideas. People who create the entrepreneurial spirit and motivate others to take the initiative over their own development path can have a positive impact on the policies of individual Central European countries. How to support young leaders?

Education and professional knowledge are key factors determining the suitability and success of an employee on the labor market. The education system plays an extremely important role in preparing graduates for the first job. Employers often alert, however, that university graduates have educational gaps and often do not have the skills necessary to successfully complete the recruitment process. That is why the question arises whether the education system responds to the needs of the modern labor market? What professions are the professions of the future? How to adapt the education system to the realities of the labor market?

Relations between the legislative, executive and judicial authorities depend not only on the letter of the law, but above all on democratic traditions and on those in power. The separation of powers is a model applicable in all democratic states, but in each of them the system has its own specificity. The judicial reforms introduced by the government of Law and Justice in Poland arouse much controversy in the country and in the world. How does the separation of powers function in other European countries? Is there an ideal model?

The strength of strategy theory and rules remains underestimated, is poorly utilised or wrongly understood by many leaders of more important corporations, state organs and civil service. Governing large structures of business or state policy requires the development of strategic way of thinking, the knowledge of the scenario building rules and strategy realisation methods. Spectacular failures in various layers of human activity may be linked to attributing to much significance to tactical decisions, logistics or routine activities, instead of focusing on working our strategic priorities and choosing the actions focused on long-term achievements. The participants of this debate will attempt to determine how to build a cohesive strategy guaranteeing success in the economic competition and cooperation environment.

In the economy, politics and science, more broadly in social and public life, the last years of the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st century confirm the theses about the growing role of women. They bring more forbearance and peace to the world of competition and constant dispute, and are able to build compromises faster and more smoothly, without which we cannot live. Does this mean that women will rule the world?

International Politics

The "Divide and Rule" principle has been present in politics since the Roman Era. Its primary goal is to incite internal conflicts in subordinate (for example, in the field of information) areas and to act in conflict as a conciliator of the conflicting parties. In the so-called realpolitik, there are no eternal alliances and the weaknesses of countries that use sentiments and emotions are used, not a countries using pragmatic approach. This principle can also be applied in internal affairs of the country. It consists in the fact that the basic goal of stronger centers of power is to defend its position by weakening the opposing forces by fighting or inciting conflicts. Is this principle still applied in political life? What are its positive and negative effects?

In 1990, there were around 100 million personal computers, 10 million mobile phone users and less than 3 million internet users in the world. 20 years later, we have 1.4 billion PC devices, 5 billion mobile phone users and nearly 4 billion of us are constantly connected to the Internet. The largest American listed companies after the industrial champions of the 1990s are now technology companies whose valuation at times exceeded more than $ 1.4 trillion in 2020. More than the entire German DAX index. In Poland, the third company in terms of market valuation is sometimes the game creator - CD Projekt Red. On how developed economies will be influenced by digitization in the next decade, and what to do to not lag behind.

In the Middle East, three categories of players can generally be distinguished: global powers (China, USA, Russia), regional powers (Saudi Arabia, Iran, Turkey), and a lone wolf, i.e. Israel. Noteworthily, the role of Egypt, which had long been dealing cards in the Muslim world, has essentially weakened over the last decade. Instead, Turkey’s clout has increased, making it a full-fledged actor on the Middle East geopolitical scene. A Western-minded country it used to be since Ataturk, Turkey was made by Erdogan to embrace the Ottoman legacy, nourishing ambitions of regional interventionism. But most importantly, we are witnessing a progressive US desintéressement in the Middle East. Ever since the shale revolution at the turn of centuries, Americans are 100% self-sufficient in terms of energy demand. No direct economic interest in the Middle East translates into decreasing commitment in the region shifting the burden to the EU, which is paralysed by a sluggish decision-making process. Against this background, China and Russia appear hyperactive.

A divide between a democratic West and an authoritarian East has been true for decades or even centuries. Russia and China have always been ruled with an iron, feudal fist and never knew the taste of liberal democracy. Even today, behind the façade of democracy there lurks authoritarianism. The West, on the contrary, built its identity on the foundation of liberalism. The problem is that an authoritarian rule has always had it easier than liberal one. It doesn’t have to explain itself to the public, worry about reelection, the opposition or human rights – in line with the principle that the end justifies the means. Will this trend be amplifying with the demographic depression of the West? Should liberal societies choose to fight with the same weapon to level the playing field in international relations?

The Polish-Croatian project has undoubtedly an attractive image. Nevertheless, from a political point of view, it is difficult to mention any tangible results coming from this initiative. Moreover, in the opinion of most experts, the Three Seas Initiative should focus primarily on economic aspects. One of the more important examples of economic joint ventures is the Three Seas index (the so-called CEEplus) listed on the Warsaw Stock Exchange, in which the main goal is to show the investment attractiveness of the region. Will similar policy mechanisms also follow the instruments of economic cooperation? Does the Three Seas Initiative have a chance to become a real geopolitical force in the Old Continent?

Nagorno-Karabakh, Transdnistria, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, and more recently Donbass - these are all areas of conflict. The para-states created by Russia to paralyze the independent policy of post-Soviet countries and maintain Russian influence in the area of the former Empire. Will the international community be able to escape the trap of "frozen conflicts" and get real progress in resolving them?

The population of EU countries is 450 million - more than the United States and Russia combined. The EU is the largest trade organization in the world and generates a quarter of the world's wealth. As an organization, it is a member of the G7 (together with four other EU members) - a group of countries that decide on the direction of development of global politics and trade. On the one hand, the EU would like to maintain its position in economic globalization, guaranteeing favorable trade and investment exchange on a global scale, on the other, it is clearly visible that it is politically lagging behind the US rivalry with Russia and China. Is the EU making full use of its position and capabilities?

The two candidates propose a large number of economic policies they would introduce upon winning the presidency. From taxing wealth and income to industrial and trade policies, European business will feel the impact. The invited experts will analyze selected economic planks and offer predictions of their success. They will specifically bring out their relevance to American trade and investment in Europe.

Everyone in the CEE has already heard about the economic development of Africa and its uncharted potential. Although our bilateral relations, both economic and cultural are growing closer every year the process is still very slow. What can we do to really accelerate the cooperation between the CEE and Africa? What is the main obstruction to the process and how to eliminate it?

The example of the global Covid-19 pandemis has shown just how undecided some European leaders are. First, they criticised the EU for interfering with internal politics of member states. At the same time when the pandemics came, they criticised Brissels for the lack of centralised decision on shutting the borders and declaring EU-wide emergency state. What should be the future of EU be when it comes to decision-making? Further decentralisation or the consolidation of decision-making powers?

The coronovirus pandemic was (is) a test of government efficiency and effectiveness. Its scale and range can be comparable only to the impact of the great crisis of the 1930s. The effect of this crisis was the strengthening of totalitarian regimes and the outbreak of World War II. The 2020 pandemic has led to widespread restriction of civil rights in a democratic world. And yet the most effective in the fight against the virus was the authoritarian Chinese model. Does this mean that we are witnessing the twilight of the world of liberal democracies?

What is Russia today? Is the wide-spread on the West opinion of an authoritarian state, where fundamental human rights are not respected, true? Or maybe the image of a country where power has a social mandate, created by the governmental media is real? How do Russians see the situation in Russia today and how do European observers see it?

Society

In Europe in XXI century the coexistence of different cultures or religions within one country, is becoming a common phenomenon. Is the multiculturalism an aspect that can enrich the tradition and culture of a given country, or should we be worried that this trend might have a devastating effect to values and social order? Is the existence of many different cultural, national and religious groups within one country possible?

Sport today is not only the competition of the world's best athletes and lucrative sponsorship contracts and TV broadcasting rights. Sport is also actions aimed at promoting social integration, especially among the youngest people. Many sports stars actively participate in such initiatives or establish their own foundations, promoting values important to each society. How to use the popularity of athletes to achieve social goals? Is it possible to effectively integrate society through sporting competitions?

The Velvet Revolution in Armenia in 2018, the succession of power in Kazakhstan, the collapse of the oligarchic model in Moldova, or the crushing election victory of President Zelenski in Ukraine. These are the symptoms of the second wave of social change or transformation in the post-Soviet world. Elite brought up in independent states, not remembering communism, come to power. What will be the development model of the post-Soviet world? Is a peaceful transformation towards market democracies possible? Will the change process also affect Russia?

Europe’s is getting old and the low birth rates are just one of the reasons. Increasing the number of jobs, ensuring the stability of employment contracts, more kindergartens and nurseries, a financial support program - these are some of the ways to fight demographic problems. How to support families in Europe? How to choose effective solutions, and not those which are only a ballast for the state budget?

Europe - a continent based on a community of nations and values - has to face up to new challenges. Migration crisis, financial breakdowns, COVID pandemic - these are threats that put the heads of state to the test and require solidarity. Are the values underlying the Polish Solidarity movement, thanks to which we overthrew communism in the peaceful way, still valid? Is it possible to ensure internal security and harmonious economic development based on these basic values such as solidarity, freedom and community? Is Europe, if put to test, still ready to show solidarity?

The role of public media in a modern state. Does the profound transformation of mass media impose a new direction in the development of state media? Can public media compete with private giants? Can state media be independent and impartial? Is public media needed at all?

Active citizenship in the basic definition is free, voluntary activity for the benefit of the state or the local community. An active citizen knows his rights and obligations, participates in elections, is involved in the life of his community, represents his community and cares for its interests. An active citizen undertakes initiatives to improve the functioning of his nearest environment. Why active citizenship is important? Does it have a real impact on the proper functioning of the state? Can active citizenship be learned?

Cultural diplomacy is one of the key foreign policy tools. It aims to build the image and position of the state on the international stage. The proper application of cultural diplomacy through the promotion of tradition, history or art brings measurable political and economic profits. In recent years, new activities have been undertaken in cultural diplomacy. These activities are aimed at building a dialogue between representatives of different cultures who want to get to know and understand each other. Which countries of the world are exemplary in conducting cultural diplomacy? What is cultural diplomacy in Poland and other Central and Eastern European countries like?

The panel is meant to present mutual stereotypes in the view of the latest common history by Poles and Russians (topics such as the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, Katyn, the Warsaw Uprising). In the current tense political relations between the two countries, such a discussion should help to understand the rationale the other party by the decision-makers present among the panel guests and possibly lead to corrections in the historical policy of Poland and Russia.

W czasie wielkich międzynarodowych kryzysów jedną z kluczowych ról odrywają media. Rzetelność ich pracy i obiektywizm często może wpływać na nastroje społeczne, uspokajając albo wprowadzając niepokój. Czy można się pozbyć emocji mówiąc o wydarzeniach, które mogą zmienić bieg historii? Dlaczego dziennikarze coraz częściej w swoich relacjach stają po którejś ze stron konfliktu? Jak ważny jest jasny przekaz pozbawiony nieprawdziwych informacji dla spokojnego funkcjonowania społeczeństwa w warunkach zagrożenia?

Border controls, limited air and rail traffic, closed schools, shops, cinemas, theaters. The global crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic has not only paralyzed entire countries, but has also proven that long-term health savings are unprofitable. Hospitals are overcrowded, specialist equipment and basic protection means are lacking. It also seems that many global governments lack strategies for acting during the crisis. Was it possible to prepare for a pandemic? What should be done to be prepared for similar situations in the future? What did the pandemic tell us about the modern world? How to learn from mistakes?

The activity of non-governmental organizations most often focuses on activities for democracy, civil liberties, human and animal rights and environmental protection. Non-governmental organizations shape modern citizens and reach a wider audience. Are NGOs the future of strength and civil unity? Who's afraid of NGOs?

Propaganda is associated primarily with a totalitarian state, where intellectual and emotional manipulation aimed at achieving the desired social attitudes is based on lies and ethically inappropriate indoctrination. But is media propaganda as an instrument of society manipulation also possible in a modern democratic state?

Forty years ago, Leszek Cichy and Krzysztof Wielicki were the first to stand on the summit of Mount Everest in winter. Earlier, nobody believed that a person could survive in the winter at an altitude of over 7,000 meters. The historic ascent of Poles to the top of the eight-thousanders has changed the world of himalaism. In Poland, discipline has gained immense popularity, which it enjoys to this day. What is the Polish winter Himalayan mountaineering like today?

Although the law guarantees gender equality, in reality theory does not always apply in practice. Women are still discriminated against in many areas of life. For example, working in the same positions, they often earn less than men. At the same time, many women in the world have reached the top. They are heads of state, prime ministers, they manage large corporations. Is there strength in women? Are women the future? What kind of leaders are women? Do men and women really have different leadership styles?

Although during the communist era the authorities tried to control all aspects of public life, including artistic activity, which according to the idea of socialist realism was to serve propaganda purposes, literature was one of the main pillars of the fight for freedom and dignity of the citizen. Today, in countries where attempts to increase control of social life by the authorities are observed, such as in Russia or Belarus, can literature still act as the conscience of the nation? Can contemporary literature inspire political changes? Are contemporary writers still fighting for freedom?

The coronavirus crisis has proved to be an exceptional challenge for Europeans, Chinese and Americans. Whole communities and individuals as well felt their helplessness, for the first time on such a large scale, regardless of the place. At the same time, a huge number of initiatives appeared on the web, giving the opportunity to preserve faith in man and his dedication in seemingly hopeless situations. How to help others, is there any universal way to convince others to do so, how to gather co-workers around the noble initiatives?

Culture is an important factor in the process of economic development. Economic activity combining art with entrepreneurship positively influences the development of innovation and, consequently, the development of other sectors of industry or economy. Can the creative sector become a serious competitor for other industries, such as tourism? To what extent can the economy benefit from the development of the creative sector?

History is a teacher of life - says an old Latin sentence. It helps to solve problems, to understand the old times, teaches, cultivates, commemorates and documents great actions. Is a source of inspiration and fascination. It allows to get to know the history and achievements of people who influenced the course of the world and life of many people. Should the young generation of Europeans have a lesson in history? What did the turbulent fate of the continent teach them? Is a common approach to history more important than the historical policy of each country separately?

Sustainable Development

One of the main problems of the modern world is the alarming amount of plastic that poisons our environment and contributes to the slow, but unavoidable ecological apocalypse. The recycling of used plastic waste, which is decomposing for hundreds of years, is a big challenge. Why not use plastics waste again and make something practical and durable? Something that will serve us for many years and at the same time does not litter our planet?

Carbon neutrality is one of the main objectives of the Paris Agreement, in which it committed itself to achieving carbon neutrality by 2050 by the EU. Emission neutrality, also known as climate, carbon or zero net neutrality, means a balance between CO2 emissions and the absorption of CO2 from the atmosphere into the so-called carbon sinks. The European Union is pursuing an ambitious climate policy. Its current goal is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. Will it be achieved? Will different approaches lead to the same goal?

Climate change is a big problem for the whole world. One of their negative consequences is drought, which is increasingly affecting regions of the world that have never faced this problem before. Drought and a lack of water will require huge investments in measures to prevent or minimize its negative effects. Are global governments prepared for drought?

Over the period 2021-2027, Cohesion Policy will continue to support locally managed development strategies and provide local authorities with resources to manage resources. The urban dimension of cohesion policy will be strengthened: 6% of the ERDF will be devoted to sustainable urban development and the European Urban Development Initiative, a new networking and capacity building program for urban authorities. Cohesion policy supports reforms aimed at an investment-friendly environment, as businesses can prosper in such an environment. It is vital that Europe, at all levels, makes the necessary investments that stimulate its economic potential and help create jobs.

Nowadays, the tourism/leisure potential of the region is dictated not only by the presence of picturesque landscapes and famous monuments but increasingly, also the presence of ‘alternative’ leisure spots. Tourism is of vital importance to the local economy hence any new hotspot for travellers should be well taken care of by the local authorities. How can lesser-known landmarks compete with iconic, famous tourist spots? How to support tourism in order to ensure success?

The fight against poverty, hunger and social inequalities, ensuring access to education or clean energy - these are just a few of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals contained in the Agenda adopted in 2015 by all UN countries by the General Assembly Resolution. According to this Agenda, all its goals should be achieved by the world by 2030. How can European societies work together to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals? What are the biggest challenges in this context for Poland and other countries of our region?

Circular economy, i.e. circular economy is an increasingly discussed topic both at the level of the European Union and in the country. Such a model certainly brings many benefits to the environment, but at the same time requires certain standards and restrictions - from both entrepreneurs and consumers. Do current regulations and costs support the introduction of such a model? How to support the dissemination of the idea of circular economy?

The problem of smog has been taken up by public opinion and the media for many years. Every year, especially in the so-called during the heating season, millions of Poles must breathe contaminated air, which has a very negative impact on health and can even lead to death. What progress has Poland made over the past few years in reducing air pollution? How do we compare in this respect compared to other European Union countries?

Production suspended. Empty streets of world metropolises. The global economy slowed down strongly during the pandemic. This resulted in a significant decrease in CO2 emissions to the atmosphere. However, this situation will change when the pandemic finally ends. Entrepreneurs around the globe will want to make up for the losses suffered during global paralysis. The factories will start in full swing, as well as mass transport of goods, scheduled flights will resume, traffic jams will return to the streets of big cities. Perhaps due to a pandemic, for hygienic reasons, disposable products fought by ecologists will also return to grace. Will the Green Deal priority be maintained after the pandemic? Is ecology going to the background because of the coronavirus crisis? Or maybe the opposite - the specter of another global disaster will make humanity pay more attention to ecology?

Climate changes resulting in floods and drought are becoming more and more visible and water is an increasingly scarce resource. In the era of these changes, a coherent policy should be developed to limit the negative consequences of these phenomena. One of the nationwide measures that we can use is retention of water. Until now, no comprehensive document has been created, which brings together multi-faceted strategic actions for the development and implementation of this measure. Is the National Retention Development Program - prepared by the Ministry of Maritime Economy and Inland Navigation in cooperation with partners from the government and science sectors - a response to the identified problems and threats?